考研英语写作高分突破:如何写提纲
作者:佚名       时间:09-14

考研英语写作高分突破:如何写提纲

 

    研究生入学考试的作文一般可采用三段式的写法。当然,也可采用两段式或四段式
的写法。文章的重心显然应落在中间一段或两段上面。第一段提出问题,第二段分析问
题产生的原因或提出解决问题的思路,第三段作总结,并与第一段呼应。下面我们以上面提到的例子来说明如何草拟提纲。
    例I:It Is Time That We Should Call a Halt to This Promise.
    这样一个题目,我们可以从以下几个方面来写。
1 .Mentioning the phenomena of promise that occur in our daily life,such as in the department
  store,on the part of the seller,even in the segments of the government.
2 .My opinions on promise:
  ① Many promises are false .The purpose of the promise is to seduce buyers to buy their goods or
  to gain fame by deceiving the public.
  (2)Such promises are totally meaningless .Many so-called promises belong to the scope of duty
  which the persons or departments who make the promises are supposed to undertake.
3 .What our society needs is not the meaningless promises but the down一to-earth style of work and
  the professional ethic.
    例2:How Can We Harness the Floods?
    一看这个题目,我们就知道,这篇文章的重心应该落在治理洪水的方法上,因此,我们
按以下的思路来写:
I.Outline the current situation and the sufferings caused by the floods。
2.Put forward the strategy of harnessing the floods.
  (J the temporary solution .We must dredge the riven .Silt must be got rid of, beds of the rivers
  be broadened and banks be heightened.
  )the radical measures .Take actions to stop the acts of environmental destruction .More trees
  and grasses should be planted.
3.Only by these means can we hope to bring the rivers under control.
    例3:Should Every College Student Squeeze Through the“Narrow Path”?
    根据这个题目,我们可以先将图表里的数据作一番比较:考生人数成倍增长,而录取
人数增长缓慢,因此,考研的竞争变得空前激烈。是奋不顾身地投入到这场竞争中还是另
作抉择,不在一棵树上吊死,这是摆在大学生们、社会青年们面前的一个难题。我们可以
按以下思路来构思:
I.Outline the current situation in the graduate entrance examination:a keen competition.
2 .My opinions on it:
  ①It is all very well to study in the graduate schools,but it is not the only way of furthering one s
    education.
  ②Since the competition for entering graduate schools is keen,there is no sense in holding on to
  it tenaciously .In modern society,there are many choices facing us.
  )Graduate schools should enroll more graduate students .Many fields desperately need talents.
  The number of the graduates is in no proportion to the need of the society.
3 .Conclusion:There is no need for college students to squeeze through the“narrow path”.
    例4:The Diploma-seeking Spree in China·
    看了这个题目,我们可以先确定,文凭热究竟是好现象还是不好的现象。如果你觉得
它是好现象,你打算从哪几方面来论证你的观点?我们不妨这样列提纲:
1 .In the 1990 s,one wave surges after another in the diploma-seeking spree in China.Is it worrying
  or heartening?Different people have different opinions about it .I think it is a heartening phe-
      nomenon
 It is a mark of advancement of the society .In a sense,it demonstrates that people more and
more respect the intellectuals.
  (2 The number‘people with high degrees is a representation of the comprehensive national pourer.
3.It is no doubt that some people angle for prestige in the diploma-seeking spree, but they cannot
represent the main stream of the trend.

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