考研英语写作高分突破:如何写中心段
作者:佚名       时间:09-14

考研英语写作高分突破:如何写中心段

    中心段是文章的重心所在。该段落对作者在第一段提出的论点进行详细论证、说明。
因此,中心段写得如何是文章成败的关键。一个中心段一般由几个要点组成,每一个要点
由一个主题句(topic sentence)和几个支持句(supporting sentence)组成。中心段一般有两种
写法:演绎法和归纳法。

    演绎法
    所谓演绎法,就是从抽象到具体的思维方法。在每一段的段首通过一个主题句将作
者所要表达的观点开门见山地提出,然后再通过具体的例证加以说明、阐述。如果说主题
句是骨架,支持句就是血肉。

    例1:
      For the time being, the most urgent task is to briny the big rivers,such as Yangtze River,XianJiang River. Gan,jiang River, etc, under control . For this purpose,We must dredge these rivers .Silt must be got rid of from the rivers,beds of rivers be broadened and banks be heightened.These measures will relieve to some degree the harm of the floods .But in the long run,if we want to harness floods thoroughly, some other measure should be taken . As is known,the profound cause of floods is the destruction of vegetation in the areas of the rivers .So we must take action to stop the acts of environmental destruction .Areas of vegetation should be expanded in these areas .Only by the temporary and the radical measures can we hope to bring the rivers under control.

归纳法
    与演绎法相反,归纳法是从具体到抽象的思维方法。它从多个例证中归纳出一个一
般性的观点或结论。

    例2:
    It is well known that most of the poor people live in the old revolutionary base areas or the areas inhabited by minority nationalities .A common factor that hinders the development of these areas is backward transportation and communication .Therefore, the government should help these areas develop the facilities of transportation and communication so that they can be connected with the outside world in formation as well as in commercial trade .This is the first step in eliminating poverty.
    其实,中心段的写作方法很难定于一尊。在很多情况下,我们将演绎法和归纳法结合
起来。另外,中心段往往包含一个总论和几个分观点。每个分观点又包括一些论据。

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