2013考研英语复习语法要点:There be 结构
作者:佚名       时间:09-25

2013考研英语复习语法要点:There be 结构

1. There be结构的时态
  There be结构的一般形式。
  There were very few people left when we got there.
  There have been many such incidents in recent years.
  Nearby there had been a fight in full progress.
  也可以是情态动词+ be.
  There can be very little doubt about his guilt.
  There may always be instances about which we are uncertain.
  There ought to/should be some instructions on the lid.
  还可以是There+情态动词+be的完成时.
  There may have been an accident.
  If the criminal had come this way,there would be/would have been footprints.
  There should/ought to have been someone on duty all the time.
2. There+半助动词+be...
  这种结构很少用完成时形式。
  There's certain to be trouble at the factory.
  There's sure/likely to be some rain tonight.
  There seems/appears to be no doubt about it.
3. There be结构的被动式
  这类there be结构有些可与there be结构的一般形式相互转换.
  On the following day there was held a splendid banquet.
  =There was a splendid banquet held on the following day.
  There is/are believed to be a number of wounded soldiers on both sides.
    =It is believed that there are a number of wounded soldiers on both sides.
  There are said to have been discovered on the very spot the remains of an ancient civi-
    lization.
  =It is said that there have been discovered on the very spot the remains of an ancient
    civilization.
4. There be+名词询组+定语从句
  There must be very few cities that are not threatened by pollution.
  There is a good book on statistics that Tom should read.
  有时亦可将关系代词省去。
  There's something (that)keeps upsetting him.
  There's a man at the door (who) wants to see you.
  There's an old woman (who) lives in that house.
S. There be no/not+doing...
  这种结构相当于It is impossible to do·一
  There is no telling whether he will come or not.
  There isn't any getting away from it.
6.非限定there be结构
  非限定there be结构是指there be结构用作主语、宾语或介词宾语的情况,即there to be
  或there being。
    1)作主语
  There being a bus stop so near the house is a great advantage.
  There not being an index to this book is a disadvantage.
  亦可用For there to be来充当主语.
For there to be a bus stop near the house is a great advantage.
For there to be a mistake in a computer's arithmetic is impossible.
或用在It is +adj. +for there to be结构中.
It was unusual for there to be no late comers.
It would be surprising for there not to be any objections.
2)作动词宾语
用在表示愿望、喜欢、僧恨的某些动词后,如expct, want, intend, mean, consider, like,
hate,prefe:等。
I want there to be no mistake about this.
We expect there to be no argument.
Members like there to be plenty of choice.
3)作介词宾语
如果是介词for,则用there to be形式;其他介词则一律采用there being形式。
They planned for there to be a family reunion.
Mary was waiting for there to be complete silence.
Bill was relying on there being another opportunity.
We were annoyed at there being so much time wasted.
  4)作状语
  There being no further business,the chairman closed the meeting.
  There having been no rain for a long time,the ground was burnt black by the sun.
7. There be结构用作定语从句
  这种情况下通常将关系代词that省去。
  The 9. 15 train is the fastest one (that) there is to Oxford.

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