2013考研英语复习语法要点:倒装结构
作者:佚名       时间:09-25

2013考研英语复习语法要点:倒装结构

1.以否定侧词或短语开头的句子
    以否定副词或短语开头的句子通常采用主谓倒装结构。此类副词或短语有:hardly,
  scarcely,barely,rarely,in vain,little,never, not,not until,seldom, nowhere等.例
    女口:
  Hardly will you find such hospitable people in any other country.
  In vain did he try to do it.
  Little did he realize the danger he was in.
  Not until then did I realize the danger of the situation.
2。以否定词"no,,,意为“决不”、“一点也不”的介询开头的句子
  凡以否定词“no",愈为“决不”、“一点也不”的介词短语开头的句子通常采用倒装结构,这
  类短语有at no time,in no way,in no sense,in no case,under no circumstances,in no
  shape, at no point, by no means等.例如:
  At no time was the President aware of what was happening.
  In no way can theory be separated from practice.
  On no account are visitors allowed to feed the animals.
3. Only+状语(从句)或侧词结构it于句,的句子
  Only when you have acquired a good knowledge of grammar can you write correctly.
  Only by working hard can you expect to do well.
  Only yesterday did he find out that his watch was missing.
4. Often, So(+adj.,adv. ), Well, Hence, Thus等开头的句子
  此类句子须采用倒装结构.
  Often did we ask for her not to be late for school.
  So loudly did he speak that even people in the next room could hear him.
  Some scientists believed that so fast does light travel that it is difficult for one to imag-
      ine.
  Well do I remember the day it happened.
S. Hardly had…when,Scarcely had.。.when,No sooner had…than…结构
  这是一种固定的倒装结构,表示一件事紧接着另一件事发生,意为“一(刚)·…就
  ......", hardly, scarcely, no sooner引导的主句通常用过去完成时,when, than引导的
  从句用过去时。例如:
  Scarcely had they settled themselves in the seats in the theatre when the curtain went
    up.
  No sooner had he closed his eyes than he fell asleep.
  Hardly had I gone to bed when I heard someone knock at the door.
6. Many a/an或Not a+n.结构
  这一结构位于句首时,句子通常要倒装。例如:
Many a time has he given me good advice.
Not a hint,however,did he drop about it.
7.为保持句子一心而采用侧装
  如果句子的谓语动词为趋向动词,如come, stand, lie, stretch, walk, go, sit等,主语
  带有较长的修饰语,特别是定语从句,为使句子平衡,通常采用倒装结构。例如:
  Behind him had come in a tall woman,of full figure and fine presence,with hair still
    brown.
  Under the tree was lying a half-conscious man who must have been drunk.

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