2013考研英语复习语法要点:动名词
作者:佚名       时间:2012/9/25 14:03:34

2013考研英语复习语法要点:动名词

1. It is+adj./n.十doing...
  句中it是形式主语,动名词才是真正的主语。可以用在这种句型中的名词和形容词有:
  pity,use,a waste of time,bore,worth,difficult,funny,hard,nice,old,worth-
  while, enjoyable, tiring, foolish, better, interesting等.例如:
  It was difficult getting everything ready in time.
  It is no use waiting here,let's walk home.
  It is a waste of time trying to reason with such a stick-in-the-mud.
  It's foolish behaving like that.
  注意:important, essential, necessary等形容词不适用于上述结构。例如:
  It's important to learn foreign languages. (IE)
  It's important learning foreign languages.(误)
2. There be+no+doing...
  There's no saying what he'll be doing next.
  There's no telling what he's going to do.
  There's no bearing such rude remarks.
  There's no hiding of evil but not to do it.
  注意:句中的动名词常带有宾语,意为“it is impossible to do".
3. V+doing结构
  有些动词后面只能接动名词作宾语。这类动词有:acknowledge, admit, confess, permit
  avoid,escape, defer, delay, miss,postpone,put off, consider,contemplate.fancy
  imagine,dislike, resent,resist,practice,finish,favour,facilitate,advocate,antici-
  pate,appreciate,enjoy,risk,forgive,involve,include, look forward to,keep,mind,
  stand, suggest, evade等。例如:
  He denied having been there.
  I couldn't risk missing that train.
  She can't stand being kept waiting.
  Ill appreciate hearing from you soon.
4. need,want, deserve,require,worth+doing结构
  这一结构有被动含义。其中前面四个动词后面亦可接不定式的被动态to be done。例如:
  The house wants repairing.
  The house wants to be repaired.
  The garden needs watering.
  The garden needs to be watered.
  His deeds deserve praising.
  His deeds deserve to be praised.

5.动名词的邃辑主语
  动名词作主语、动词宾语或介词宾语时可带上逻辑主语。例如:
  Mary's grumbling annoyed her husband.
  I felt annoyed at the noise of desks being closed and opened.
  It's no use your pretending that you didn't know the rules.
  The factory had to close down because of the equipment having been destroyed.

将文章分享到: