2013考研英语复习语法要点:名词性从句
作者:佚名       时间:09-26

2013考研英语复习语法要点:名词性从句

1. that分句用在某些带形式宾语p的固定搭配之后
  例如:
  We owe it to you that there wasn't a serious accident.
  I put it to you that Robert offers you money for the information.
  I'll see to it that you get your reward.
  I take it that you will start out soon.
  Rumour has it that the minister would resign soon.
  一般说来,that分句不可放在介词后作介词宾语,但可跟在带有it作形式宾语的介词短
  语之后,即V + prep. + it+that结构
  I'm counting on it that you will come.
  Can you depend upon it that you will keep it strictly confidential?
2. that一分句作同位语
  that引导同位语从句表示的是同位名词的实际内容,而不是修饰限定先行词.因此,同位
  语从句前的名词须具有一定的内肠。它和定语从句的区别还在于定语从句中的关系代词
  that必须在定语从句中充当主语或宾语,而同位语从句中的that不充当任何成分。例如:
  The fact remains that there is no filling station.
  (that没有充当任何成分,它引导的从句表示的是fact的内容)
  The news that he told us was false.
  (that充当了told的直接宾语pus是间接宾语,定语从句表示的不是news的内容)
  The news that he would come to inspect was false.
  (that役有在从句中充当任何成分,从句表达的是news的内容)
  The fact has to be faced that the nearest filling station is thirty miles away.
  (that没有在从句中充当任何成分,从句表达的是fact的内容)
  经常带同位语从句的名词有:answer, belief, explanation, idea, word, conclusion, in-
  formation, rumour, truth, possibility, report, opinion等.同位语从句还有一个显著特
  点,that引导的从句经常与它的同位名词分开。
3. that分场在某些介词短语中起同位语作用
  例如:
  He got up too late with the result that he missed the train.
  He always works hard in spite of the fact that he is not in good shape.

  The breakdown was due to the fact that he had forgotten to fill up the tank.
  类似的介词短语还有,owing to the fact that, on the assumption that (=if), on the pre-
  tence that(=if),on the supposition that (=if),on the understanding that (=if),on
  condition that(二if),to the extent that(二so that)等。
4.名词性定语从句
  由what, whatever, where, wherever, whoever, whichever等词引导的定语从句叫做
  名词性定语从句,这类从句相当于带有定语从句作后2修饰词的名词词组。例如:
  Whoever told you to quit smoking is quite right.
  =Anyone who told you to quit smoking is quite right.
  Give him whatever he wants.
  二Give him anything that he wants.
  Whatever caused the accident was still a mystery.
  二The reason that caused the accident was still a mystery.
  I'll give this book to whoever wants to get it.
  =I'll give this book to anyone who wants to get it.

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