2013考研英语复习语法要点:状语一
作者:佚名       时间:09-26

2013考研英语复习语法要点:状语一

1.让步状语
  让步状语分两类:让步状语从句和用介词短语表示的状语。
  让步状语从句主要由though, although引导,也可由even if, even though, granted
  (that), granting (that), admitting (that), for all that, while, as, that, if等引导,还
  可由in spite of the fact, despite the fact that, regardless of the fact that, notwith-
  standing the fact that等结构引导.让步状语从句可前it,亦可后it。例如:
  Although he is poor,he is well contented.
  他虽穷却能知足常乐。
  He is poor-although he is well contented.
  他很穷,然而却能知足常乐.
  1) although与though同义,用法也基本相同,但在让步状语从句中,though的位工可以
      移动(如"Though he is poor”和“Poor though he is"),although则只能2于从句之
      首.另外,当让步状语从句指的是一种很设的情况时,通常用though,而不用al-
      though。例如:
      Though all the world were against me, I should still hold to my opinion.即使整个世
      界和我作对,我仍将坚持我的看法。
      Though everybody desert you,I will not.
  当though用作连接性状语时,它可位于句中或句末,用逗号满开.
  He didn't tell me where he had been, but I knew it,though.
  他没告诉我他的去向,不过,我知道他上哪儿去了.
  He said he would come,he didn't,though.
  他说他会来,不过他没来.
2) even if/though, if引导的让步从句
  even if与even though同义,常用来强调让步概念.例如:
  Even if the weather is bad tomorrow,I will want to go out.
  即使明天天气不好,我仍然想出门.
  I'll do it, even though it takes me all the afternoon.
  即使耗去我整个下午,我也要做这件事.
  有时if也可用于让步含义,这时要注意区分条件if从句与让步if从句.例如:
  If John had been there, I would have seen him.(条件从句)
  如果约翰当时在那儿,我本来会见到他的。
  If John were there, I didn't see him.(让步从句)
  尽管约翰当时在那儿,我还是没看见他.
  If he is poor, how can he buy the house?(条件从句)
如果他很穷,他怎么买得起着套房子?

  If he is poor, he is at least honest.(让步从句)
  尽管他很穷,人却很本分.
  if从句表示让步时,经常置于句中或句末,if经常后面只保留一个形容词或副词。例
    如:
  He is a good teacher, if severe.
  他尽管严厉,却是个好老师。
  He is.a pleasant,if awkward,lad.
  他是一位虽然笨拙然而却惹人喜欢的小伙子。
  The rooms were beautifully if quietly furnished.
  房间陈设虽简朴,但很雅致.
3) as, that, though引导的特殊让步从句
  在较正式的文体或文学作品中,为了强调让步的意义,可用as引导让步从句,这时须
  将从句的表语或状语、动词等工于句首.例如:
  Rich as he is,I don't envy him.
  =I don't envy him,even though he is rich.
  =However rich he may be, I don't envy him.
  =No matter how rich he is,I don't envy him.
尽管他很畜有,但我不淡幕他。
Try as you may, you will never persuade him out of his foolish plans.
不管你怎样努力,你都无法说服他放弃那愚盆的计划。
Gently as his words were spoken,there was no mistaking that he was displeased.
尽管他话说得很沮和,但谁都粉得出他生气了。
Much as I should like to see you,I am afraid I have no time tonight.
尽管我很想见到你,但恐怕今晚没时间.
Much as we admire Shakespeare's comedies,we cannot agree that they are superior
to his tragedies.
尽管我们称赞莎士比亚的喜剧,但不能就此说他的喜剧比他的悲剧更好.
从句的补语若是名词,前it时,不用限定词.例如:
Boy as he was,he knew what was the right thing to do.
尽管他是个孩子,他知道什么事情该做.
though, that,和as一样,也可用于同样的句型结构.例如:
Clever though you may be,you cannot do that.
你尽管聪明,但不能那样做.
Difficult though the task was,they managed to accomplish it in time.
尽.这个任务很艰巨,他们还是设法按时完成了。
Fool though I was,I wouldn't be so easily deceived by his sweet words.
尽管我很俊,但不至于这么轻易地被他的花育巧语所欺编。
在as, that和though引导的这种结构中,有时还将动词或“动词+宾语”移至句首,表
示让步。例如:
Sneer unkindly though you may,he is very popular.
尽管你会蔑视他,但他很受欢迎。
Detest him as we may,we must acknowledge his merits.
尽管我们很讨厌他,我们还得承认他的优点。
as... as…结构也可引导让步状语从句,相当于as, that引导的让步状语。例如:
But as tempted as I am to be a coward and escape by crawling back home,I have re-
solved to give it a good month's trial.
尽管我很想做个胆小鬼逃回家去,我还是下定决心好好地锻炼一个月。

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