2013考研英语复习语法要点:状语二
作者:佚名       时间:09-26

2013考研英语复习语法要点:状语二

4) while引导的让步状语从句
  while引导让步状语从句时,相当于although,但while引导的让步从句只能It于主句
  之前。例如:
  While this position offers him honor and power,it imposes on him also a great
  resonsibility.
  尽管这个位子会给他带来荣赞和权力,但同时使他肩负着重大责任。
  While I admit that the problems are difficult,I don't agree that they cannot be
    solved.
  尽管我承认这些问题很难解决,但我不认为他们无法解决。
5)由wh一词+-ever词引导的条件让步从句
  Whenever it rains,this underpass is flooded.
  每当下雨时,这个地下道都会涨水。
  Wherever he is/may be,he must be found.
  无论他在什么地方都必须找到。
  However annoying his behavior may be,we can't get rid of him.
  无论他的行为举止多么令人讨厌,但我们就是无法摆脱他。
  Whatever faults he may have had,meanness is not one of them.
他可能有很多缺点,但决不卑娜。
注:由whenever, wherever引导的从句,同时也是时间状语从句和地点状语从句,可
以将他们换成no matter when, no matter where, whatever则可换成no matter
what.例如:
No matter what I did(二whatever I did),no one paid any attention.
不论我千什么都没有人留心我。
No matter when and how the invaders come,they will be wiped out clean.
不论俊略者何时以何种方式人侵,他们都将被彻底消灭千净.
某些固定搭配结构也可表示让步意义。例如:
Come what may (Whatever may happen),I will try it.
不论发生什么情况,我都将试一试。
We cannot receive him,be he who he may.
不论他是什么人我们都无法接纳他。
Be that as it may, I don't want to say anything against him.

  即使如此,我还是不想说对他不利的话。
  Be it that it means that I'll have to give up all sports of recreation,I am determined
  to get straight A's for the semester.
  即使这意味着我将放弃各种娱乐活动,我也决心在本学期成为优等生.
6) whether。二or引导的条件让步状语从句
  He doesn't know whether she's in Britain or whether she's gone to France.
  他不知道她是在英国还是到法国去了。
  Whether I go alone,or whether he goes with me,the result will be the same.
  不论我单独去还是他陪着去,结果都是一样。
  我们需注意的是它的倒装结构,这是一个常考的语言点.
  Be he friend or enemy (Whether he is a friend or an enemy),the law regards him as
    a criminal.
  不论他是朋友还是敌人,在法律上他是个罪犯。
  Be she poor or rich,I will not discard her.
  不论她是穷还是富,我都不会抛弃她。
7) granted that或granting that, admitting that引导的让步从句
  Granted that Tom has enough money to buy the car, it doesn't mean he's going to do so.

    即使汤姆买得起这辆汽车,也并不意味着他会这么做.
  Granting that you've made some progress,you should not be conceited.
  即使已经取得了一些进步,也不应该骄傲自满。
  Admitting that what you said is true,you cannot avoid being scolded.
  即便你说的是实话,你也免不了要受到资备。
8)介词词组、表示的让步状语
  这些介词短语有for all, with, in spite of, despite the fact that, notwithstanding,
  notwithstanding the fact that, regardless of the fact等。例如:
  The country, for all the crises it had,remained strong.
  尽管经历了重重危机,这个国家仍然很强大。
  He seemed as fresh as ever,for all the fact that I never saw him drink or eat.
  尽管我从未见他喝点或吃点什么,他似乎仍然精神饱满。
  For all that he seems to dislike me,I still like him.
  尽管他似乎不喜欢我,我仍然喜欢他。
  With all his faults,I still believe that he is an honest man.
  尽管他有种种缺点,我仍然相信他是个诚实人。
  Despite the fact that funds have been approved for the bridge,no contracts have been made for work on it.
尽管建这座桥的基金已获批准,合同却还一个未签。
Notwithstanding the fact that the President urged acceptance of the proposal,it was
defeated by the congress.

 

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