2013考研英语复习语法要点:条件状语
作者:佚名       时间:09-26

2013考研英语复习语法要点:条件状语

4.条件状语
  就条件状语而言,我们孺要注意的是由与if意义相近的词语引导的状语。如providing
  (that),provided that,given, as long as,in case,suppose,supposing,on condition
  that, assuming that, in the event of, in the event that等。例如:
  Provided that no objection is raised,we shall hold the meeting here.
  如果没有人反对,我们就在这儿开会.
  You were permitted into the hall for the film, provided you sit at the back.
  若是你们坐后排,就准许你们进人大厅着电影.
  Providing the survey indicates a real need,they will need funds for the new bridge.
  如果调查表明确实有这个必要,他们就筋要资金建新桥.
  Given time and dedication,you will succeed in your cause.
  只要肯投人时间并矢志不渝,你在事业上定会成功。
  Suppose (Supposing) that the plane doesn't arrive on time, well have to postpone the
    meeting.
  假如飞机不能准时到达,我们将不得不延迟会议。
  suppose或supposing后还可接虚拟式.例如:
  Suppose he were to see us!

要是他看见我们,那可不得了,
Supposing something should go wrong, what would you do then?
假如出了什么差错,那你怎么办?
Farmer will have a bumper harvest,assuming that the weather is favorable.
假如风调雨顺,今年农民将获丰收,
He says he'll accept your offer on condition that you are sincere.
他说只要你是真诚的,他将接受你的好愈。
In the event that you are right,I have been tricked and cheated.
假如你是对的,那我就上当受编了。
In the event of rain,the party will be held indoors.
如果下雨,琅会就在室内进行。
In case he comes,let me know.

如果他来的话,告诉我一声。
Be quiet in case you (ashould) wake the baby.
in case表示“以防,万一”时,从句中的谓语动词用虚拟式,可与lest代换。例如:
The colonel forbade the use of artillery lest (in case) the city's industry be damaged.
上校禁止使用大炮,以免毁坏该市的工业。

 

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